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Kyoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan in the Kansai region of the island of Honshu. The capital is the city of Kyoto.HistoryUntil the Meiji Restoration, the area of Kyoto Prefecture was known as Yamashiro.For most of its history, the city of Kyoto was Japan's Imperial capital. The city's history can be traced back as far as the 6th century. In 544, the Aoi Matsuri was held in Kyoto to pray for good harvest and good weather.Kyoto did not start out as Japan's capital. A noteworthy earlier capital was Nara. In 741, Emperor Shōmu moved the capital briefly to Kuni-kyo, between the cities of Nara and Kyoto, in present-day Kyoto Prefecture. In 784, the capital was moved to Nagaokakyō, also in present-day Kyoto Prefecture. In 794, Emperor Kanmu moved the capital to Heian-kyo, and this was the beginning of the current-day city of Kyoto. Even today, almost all of the streets, houses, stores, temples and shrines in Kyoto exist where they were placed in this year.Although in 1192 real political power shifted to Kamakura, where a samurai clan established the shogunate, Kyoto remained the imperial capital as the powerless emperors and their court continued to be seated in the city. Imperial rule was briefly restored in 1333, but another samurai clan established a new shogunate in Kyoto three years later.Kyoto Prefecture is in Kansai. Take stress off the schedule by using our Japan visit planner.
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Top Kyoto Prefecture tours
Kyoto Highlights 1 Day Trip - Golden Pavilion and Kiyomizu Temple from Kyoto BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $125
Duration: 10 hours
Kyoto and Nara 1 Day Trip - Golden Pavilion and Todai-ji Temple from Kyoto BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $149
Duration: 11 hours
Kyoto Half-Day Small-Group Cultural Tour BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $80
Duration: 3 hours 30 minutes
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